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Introduction to Humanitarian Needs
In the Nagorno Karabakh Republic

An update from the NKR Government
September 2003

The Nagorno Karabakh Republic (NKR) was formed in 1991 as a result of the breakup of the former Soviet Union. Since then the Republic has made steady progress in strengthening its democratic and economic framework. During these years institutions of state government have been established and several presidential, parliamentary and local elections have taken place.

However, the devastating war imposed by neighboring Azerbaijan (1988-1994) almost entirely destroyed Nagorno Karabakh's economy and brought the nation to the brink of humanitarian disaster. Today, the continuing Azerbaijani blockade seriously impedes post-war reconstruction and rehabilitation efforts.

Recognizing the ongoing need for humanitarian assistance the U.S. Congress has provided humanitarian assistance to the people of Nagorno Karabakh since 1998. Through various humanitarian organizations the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has implemented critical humanitarian projects, including construction of homes in sixty villages, water supply projects in forty villages and renovation of twelve schools in different provinces of Nagorno Karabakh.

These assistance programs have played a significant role in addressing a wide range of humanitarian problems throughout the Republic and contributed to the improvement of the daily life of the population. However, much still needs to be done.


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