1990 USSR Law on Secession
Concerning the procedure of secession of a Soviet
Republic from the Union of Soviet
The law of the USSR of April 3, 1990 (Register of
the Congress of the People's Deputies of
The decision to conduct a referendum is to be ratified by the Supreme Soviet of a Soviet Republic based either on its own will or on the request made by the 10% of permanent residents who have a right to vote according to the USSR laws.
The referendum is to be conducted according to the referendum law of the USSR, referendum law of a given Soviet or autonomous Republic if they do not contradict this law.
The referendum is to be conducted by a secret vote not earlier than 6 months and not later than 9 months after the decision to conduct the secession referendum has been made by a Soviet Republic.
Citizens of the USSR, permanently residing on the territory of the Republic by the time the decision to conduct a referendum is made and who have a right to vote according to the USSR laws, have a right to participate in the referendum.
No agitation on the subject of the referendum is allowed during the course of the referendum.
Referendum results are to be considered separately for the territory of a Soviet Republic with a compactly settled ethnic minority population, which constitutes majority on that particular territory of the Republic.
Results of a referendum are to be reviewed by the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Republic. In a republic, which has autonomous republics, autonomous regions, autonomous territories or territories with compactly settled national minority population as mentioned in Article 3 of the present Law within its borders, the results of the referendum are to be reviewed by the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Republic jointly with the Supreme Soviet of the autonomous republic and respective Soviets of People's Deputies.
The Supreme Soviet of a Soviet Republic then submits the results of the referendum to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Republic which has autonomous republics, autonomous regions, autonomous territories or territories with a compactly settled national minority population within its borders as mentioned in second part of Article 3 of the present Law submits the results for each autonomous republic, autonomous region, autonomous territory or territory with a compactly settled national minority population to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR separately along with necessary conclusions and suggestions made by respective state authorities. If it is verified that the referendum is conducted in accordance with the law, the Supreme Soviet of the USSR takes it to the Congress of the People's Deputies of USSR for review.
During that interim period the Constitution of the USSR as well as all other USSR Laws are to be in full effect.
The Council of Ministers of the USSR submits its conclusions to the President of the USSR and the Supreme Soviet of the USSR upon reviewing and regulating all issues concerning the participation of the USSR in international agreements in connection with the secession of a Soviet Republic.
During the interim period the following issues are
to be resolved between the seceding republic and the USSR as well as
between the seceding republic and other Soviet Republics, autonomous
republics, autonomous entities and national groups as defined in part
two of Article 3 of the present Law:
Citizens of the seceding republic, convicted in the courts of law of USSR or other Soviet Republics and currently serving terms on the territory of the USSR are to be transferred to the mentioned republic if they had committed crimes for which they have been convicted on the territory of that republic.
The issues concerning the transfer of citizens of seceding republic which have been convicted in courts of law of the USSR or other Soviet Republic in case at least one of the crimes is committed on the territory other than that of the seceding republic are to be reviewed by the Prosecutor General of the USSR or by the intercession of the Supreme Court of the seceding republic.
Citizens of USSR, citizens of foreign countries and persons with no citizenship convicted by courts of law of the USSR or any Soviet Republic and currently serving the term on the territory of the seceding republic are to be transferred to the USSR.